The Casey review is an independent investigation into the standards of behaviour and internal culture of the Metropolitan Police Service.

It was commissioned in the wake of widespread public concern after Wayne Couzens killed Sarah Everard in March 2021 while he was a serving officer.

Couzens was given a rare whole life sentence for the kidnap, rape and murder of Ms Everard and will never be released from prison.

The review has been carried out by senior peer Baroness Casey. Her final report is more than 360 pages long.

What did the review find?

The Casey Review found that the Metropolitan Police has failed to protect the public from officers who abuse women; that organisational changes have put women and children at greater risk; and that female officers and staff routinely experience sexism.

There are racist officers and staff and a “deep-seated homophobia” exists in the organisation, the report says.

It adds that violence against women and girls has not been taken as seriously as other forms of violence.

It found that there is widespread bullying in the Met, with a fifth of staff with protected characteristics – for example, race, sexuality or disability – being victimised.

“Female officers and staff routinely face sexism and misogyny,” the report said. “The Met has not protected its female employees or members of the public from police perpetrators of domestic abuse, nor those who abuse their position for sexual purposes.

“Despite the Met saying violence against women and girls is a priority, it has been treated differently from ‘serious violence’.

!In practice this has meant it has not been taken as seriously in terms of resourcing and prioritisation.”

Baroness Casey accused the Met of a “tick box” approach to the slew of negative reports about its performance in recent years, preferring to put the blame on individual “bad apples” rather than tackling systemic problems.

Problems including austerity, changes in crime, and a disciplinary system that makes it “difficult to get rid of people who corrupt the Met’s integrity” have “eroded frontline policing”, Baroness Casey said.

The report concludes that there are “systemic and fundamental problems in how the Met is run” and the problem with the force is not its size but “inadequate management”.

In October 2022, an interim report found the Met takes too long to resolve misconduct cases and officers and staff do not believe action will be taken when conduct concerns are raised.

It found officers with repeated patterns of unacceptable behaviour do not face discipline and that there is racial disparity in the misconduct system.

How does the Casey report compare to the Macpherson Review?

Some of Baroness Casey’s findings echo those in the Macpherson Review, commissioned after the murder of Stephen Lawrence. Baroness Casey wrote in her foreword: “I make a finding of institutional racism, sexism and homophobia in the Met. Sir William Macpherson made the first of those findings in his inquiry into the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence as long ago as 1999. Many people have been raising grave concerns about the Met for much longer than that.”

Does Baroness Casey have faith in the new Met Commissioner?

Baroness Casey said Sir Mark Rowley, who was appointed Met Commissioner in September 2022, faces a “daunting task” but accepts the scale of the challenge ahead.

Who is Baroness Casey?

Baroness Louise Casey of Blackstock has built her career working in the social welfare sector.

She served as deputy director of the homelessness charity Shelter and was later appointed director of the Home Office’s Anti-Social Behaviour Unit, and head of the cross-government Respect Task Force, aimed at tackling anti-social behaviour.

She also served as director-general of the government’s Troubled Families scheme.

Baroness Casey was appointed the UK’s first Victims’ Commissioner in March 2010. She led a review of children’s services at Rotherham council following a child sexual exploitation scandal.

In 2020, she spearheaded a taskforce on rough sleeping during the pandemic.

After being named a Companion of the Order of the Bath, in 2016 she was made Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to families and vulnerable people. iIn 2020, she was given a life peerage as a crossbench peer.

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